Đề ôn thi THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2022 có đáp án – Đề 18

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Kỳ thi tốt nghiệp THPT Quốc gia 2022 sắp đến gần. Để có thể đạt điểm cao trong kì thi quan trọng này, việc luyện đề là rất cần thiết giúp các em làm quen với cấu trúc đề thi, tập kiểm soát thời gian làm bài, đồng thời giúp các em ôn tập lại các kiến thức trọng tâm đã được học trong chương trình THPT.

Đề bài

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

All living things require energy to do the work necessary for survival and reproduction. But what is energy? Energy is simply the ability to do work, (1) ……… work is done when a force moves an object. Let’s consider your own needs for a moment. You need energy to turn on and turn off your computer. You need energy to (2)………. of bed in the morning. And, yes, you need energy to reproduce. So where does energy come from and how do we use it? On Earth, energy ultimately comes from the sun. Plants use the sun’s energy to make sugar. Organisms, in turn, use sugar as a (3) ……….. of energy to do work.

Plants use energy from sunlight to make sugar and oxygen from carbon dioxide and water. The process by which carbon dioxide and water are (4) ………. to sugar and oxygen using sunlight is referred to as photosynthesis. This is an endergonic reaction, meaning energy is required by the reaction. Specifically, energy is required to put the carbon dioxide and the water molecules together to form sugar. Sun (5)………the energy needed to drive photosynthesis, and some of the energy used to make the sugar is stored in the sugar molecule.

Question 1: A. why                  B. that

                    C. where               D. which

Question 3: A. get up             B. wake out

                 C. get out              D. wake up

Question 3: A. source             B. scale

                   C. format             D. degree

Question 4: A. purchased   B. exchanged

                   C. removed        D. converted

Question 5: A. absorbs        B. provides

                   C. transfers         D. consumes

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 6: She started working as a teacher of English ten years ago.

A. She had worked with a teacher of English for ten years.

B. She has been working as a teacher of English for ten years.

C. She had been working as a teacher of English for ten years.

D. She has worked with a teacher of English for ten years.

Question 7: “Would you like to come to my birthday party, Mary?” said Mike.

A. Mike invited Mary to come to his birthday party.

B. Mike was told to come to Mary’s birthday party.

C. Mike asked Mary if she didn’t like to come to his birthday party.

D. Mike didn’t know that Mary had come to his birthday party.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question 8: A. celebration

                    B. traditional

                    C. entertainment

                    D. preparation

Question 9: A. figure

                    B. double

                    C. different

                    D. support

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 10: I felt quite sorry for Tom. I saw him cry at the time.

A. Have you ever felt sorry, seeing Tom cry?

B. Seeing Tom cry, I felt quite sorry for him.

C. I regret for having seen Tom cry that night.

D. I am sorry to tell you Tom was crying.

Question 11: I don’t get high scores in English tests. I will be very annoyed.

A. I’m very annoyed because I don’t get high scores in the tests.

B. It’s the score in last English test that makes me very annoyed.

C. I’ll be very annoyed unless I get good marks in English tests

D. I will be very annoyed for getting high scores in many tests.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

Question 12: Bella had better to change her study habits if she wants to be admitted to a good college.

                                                        A                                                    B                       C           D

Question 13: Driving on the left made my daughter very surprising when she first visited London.

                           A               B                                                  C                                     D 

Question 14: People consider it rude to point about anyone.

                                         A     B          C            D

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions.

Question 15: I received housing benefit when I was unemployed.

A. out of fashion         B. out of date

C. out of order            D. out of work

Question 16: The boy does not resemble his brother in any way.

A. take up                   B. look after

C. take after                D. look up

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Question 17: We need to build up people’s awareness about the environment.

A. stabilize                  B. raise

C. decrease                 D. fluctuate

Question 18: Travel makes one modest, you see what a tiny place you occupy in.

A. lonely                     B. strong

 C. shy                       D. self-confident

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 19: Helen: “Shall I collect the tickets for the concert for you.” – Peter: “………………….”

A. Long time no see.

B. Nice to meet you hat.

C. Make yourself at home.

D. It’s kind of you to do so.

Question 20: Jack: ……………….. – Rose: “That’s a good idea.”

A. Excuse me, where’s the post office?

B. What about going to the cinema tonight?

C. Glad to see you.

D. Sorry, I’m late.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 21: You ………………….. wash those apples. They have already been washed.

A. needn’t                    B. need

C. must                       D. mustn’t

Question 22: I enjoy playing …………….. at weekends.

A. a badminton           B. one badminton

C. the badminton        D. badminton

Question 23: Our flight from Bangkok to London was delayed …………….. the storm.

A. because of              B. since

C. in spite of               D. because

Question 24: The former Olympic ……………… was invited to speak at a charity dinner.

A. champion               B. victory

C. trophy                     D. triumph

Question 25: As soon as I saw the advertisement, I……………..the house agent.

A. phone                     B. phoned

C. have phoned           D. had phoned

Question 26: Suan is fond …………….. reading comic books in her free time.

A. of                            B. for

C. on                           D. at

Question 27: If  I were you. I …………….. for that intensive English course.

A. will apply               B. applied

C. would apply           D. apply

Question 28: She was overjoyed because her article ………………….

A. has been published

B. has published

C. had published

D. had been published

Question 29: She had no difficulty ……………….. at her new school.

A. making friends

B. make friends at her new school

C. to make friends

D. to making friends

Question 30: I really enjoy being with my father. He has got a really good ………………. of humour.

A. feeling                    B. mood

C. way                         D. sense

Question 31: Neil Armstrong is the first man …………………… foot on the moon.

A. set                           B. to be set

 C. to set                       D. setting

Choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.

Question 32: A. chemist          B. church

                    C. children            D. change

Question 33: A. capable          B. walking

                  C. quality                 D. family

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

I’m standing on a sidewalk in the early morning. The great avenues of Paris are silent, and the shops are closed. Suddenly, a couple appeared from a hole in the sidewalk. Mud covers their boots. They place the iron cover over the hole and run down the street, smiling. The couple had been exploring the tunnels beneath the city.

When Romans occupied Paris, they cut down stone from deep within the earth to build their city. Later, the French used more stone to construct the Notre Dame Cathedral. This left huge underground tunnels upon which part of the city now. Once used for growing mushrooms and as a hiding place, today they are mostly forgotten, except by “cataphiles” – those who love to go down into the tunnels below Paris, even though it is actually not permitted.

In the 70s and 80s, it is easier to enter the tunnels because there were many more open entrances through forgotten doorways and into catacombs – rooms filled with bones. The bones had been moved into the tunnels to solve the problem crowded cemeteries. By the end of the 1980s, most of the entrances were shut and police regularly walked the tunnels. However, there are still cataphiles, like the couple I saw that morning, and for those who dare, the underground is an exciting place to meet, party, perform for each other or create art.

My own experience began beneath the old Paris opera house, where sewer workers showed me a 55-meter-long underground pond, a pond that actually had fish in it! Later, at France’s national bank, officials guided me below to an amazing room filled with 2,600 tons of gold.

As cataphiles are the best guides, I then asked one of the cataphiles to give me a tour. Descending into the underground through a secret entrance beneath a bridge, we walked for hours through catacombs, and galleries of huge, bright paintings. The cataphile told me “Many people come down here to party, some to paint. Some people to destroy or to create or to explore. We do what we want, We don’t have rules…”

(Adapted from Reading Explorer 2, Paul Macintyre&David Bohlke, 2015)

Question 34: What is the reading mainly about?

A. The tunnels under Paris and the people who explore them.

B. How the recent discovery of Paris’s tunnels is changing the city.

C. Why tunnels will someday be Paris’s newest tourist attraction.

D. Why tourists know so little about Paris’s tunnels.

Question 35: The word “here” in paragraph 5 refers to ……………….

A. the tunnels              B. the opera house

C. the entrance            D. the museum

Question 36: Which statement would a cataphile probably agree with?

A. Only cataphiles should be allowed to explore the tunnels.

B. People should be able to do whatever they want in the tunnels.

C. More police are needed to keep the tunnels safe.

D. The bones should be removed from the tunnels.

Question 37: Why was the couple that the writer met smiling as they ran down the street?

A. They had explored a tunnel without getting caught.

B. They had discovered a dangerous tunnel below.

C. They felt dirty and wanted to run home and take a shower.

D. They were able to replace the icon cover.

Question 38: Why did it use to be easier to enter the tunnels?

A. The tunnels were safer.

B. There were fewer dangerous people living there.

C. There was less water in the tunnels.

D. There were more open entrance.

Question 39: The word “descending” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ……………..

A. going up                 B. going down

C. walking through      D. coming across

Question 40: Which statement is NOT true about the tunnels under Paris?

A. Companies remove the stone to construct modern buildings.

B. There were once used as a hiding place.

C. People explore them even though it’s not permitted.

D. People grew mushrooms there.

Lời giải chi tiết

Question 1


Question 11


Question 21


Question 31


Question 2


Question 12


Question 22


Question 32


Question 3


Question 13


Question 23


Question 33


Question 4


Question 14


Question 24


Question 34


Question 5


Question 15


Question 25


Question 35


Question 6


Question 16


Question 26


Question 36


Question 7


Question 17


Question 27


Question 37


Question 8


Question 18


Question 28


Question 38


Question 9


Question 19


Question 29


Question 39


Question 10


Question 20


Question 30


Question 40


Trả lời

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